初中英语时态总结一览表_

发布于:2021-07-21 13:08:40

初中英语语法总结一览表

语法项目

构成

用法

象征词

例句

一般现在时 一般过去时 一般将来时
现在进行时 现在完成时 现在完成进行时 .过去进行时 过去完成时

主语+动词原形或者 第三人称单数-s / es

表示经常性的 动作或状态

Every ?often ?always on 季、节、年。



in

月、 He

goes

to

school

every

day.

I often have lunch at home.

主语+动词过去式

表过去某个、段时间内动 Ago / just now / In 1998 / last He wrote a letter yesterday.

(did 或者 be—was/ were 作及状态

week / yesterday 等

I was born in 1979.

主语+be going to+动词原 形 will / shall + 动词原形

在将来某个时间或 某段时要做的事

tomorrow / after next / tonight ?in 2010

Are you going to read? He will come tomorrow.

主语+be(am/is/are)+doing

表此时此刻正进行的动作 listen?look?now

或状态

all the time?Don’t…

Tom is writing now. They are lying on the bed.

主语+have / has +动词过去 分词 主语+have/has been+ doing

发生在过去影响在现在的 动作或状态等

含糊的频率 词?already?just?never ever

主语+was / were +doing 多用于复合句中

表在过去某时间正在进行 at this time yesterday

的动作

last Sunday evening

副 He has slept for two days. I have been teaching for 8 years.
He was reading at that time last Friday

主语+had+动过去分词 多用于复合句中

该动作发生在过去的过去 by the time+过去时 when?after?before

We had learnt 2000 words by the end of?last year.

过去将来时

主语+would + 动词 原形 过去看来将要发生的动作

多用宾语从句中

或状态

He said that he… the next day .

He said that he would come here the next day .


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